The Supreme Court is the judicial organ of the federal government. ⇒ Rapid and harmonious development in a nation ⇒ Smooth and effective running of the administration ⇒ Sustainable utilization of means and resources ⇒ Decentralization of power ⇒ Less burden to the central government in administrative affairs ⇒ Equal representation of people in the development and other works ⇒ Concept of self-reliance develops and dependency on others is discouraged ⇒ Maximum participation of people in development and decision making. Next, the naming process of the provinces should be done on the three bases (without disintegrating the unity): All in all, the strength and recognition of the nation and citizen should not be ignored at any cost. Email to firstname.lastname@example.org Send fax to 1100 Complain by sending letter or in person. It performs all the tasks that are to be carried out from the side of the District Assembly. The executive appoints and transfers relevant officials in the country’s civil and military departments. ⇒ Accelerate development activities. Everest at 8,848 meters. President serves as the head of state of Nepal. ⇒ Local and ethnic art, culture and heritage can be well protected. Namrata Shrestha Wins ‘Miss Nepal 2020’ Title; Nepal, China Announces New Height of Mt Everest at 8,848.86M; Nepal’s Sapana Roka Magar Named in BBC’s 100 Influential Women for 2020! In the USA, the state government is responsible for the affairs related to the state including education and health. Now, we are in the process of making a ‘New Nepal’ on the federal concept. 23312 E-Mail: email@example.com But after facing the challenges of the federal system in Nepal, We will get benefits of the federal system in Nepal. Nepal, long under the rule of hereditary prime ministers favouring a policy of isolation, remained closed to the outside world until a palace revolt in 1950 restored the crown’s authority in 1951; the country gained admission to the United Nations in 1955. Government of Nepal Ministry of Communication and information Technology Department Of Information Technology. We have pointed out some points about the necessity of the federal system in Nepal. The executive power of the province shall be exercised by the province Head in case of absence of the province Executive in a State of Emergency or enforcement of the Federal rule. 3. This post may help you with my question “why is the federal system felt necessary in Nepal?”. Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his/her cabinet, while legislative power is vested in the Parliament. The tenure of the Chairman, Vice Chairman and members of a District Coordination Committee will be 5 years from the date of appointment. Executive duties in Nepal are carried out by the Council of Ministers. The current system of seven provinces replaced an earlier system where Nepal was divided into 14 Administrative Zones which were grouped into five Development Regions. The structure of Nepalese society is of multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, and multi-cultural. Judicial: Highest court of Nepal. In 1951, the Nepali monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system that brought political parties into the government. Your email address will not be published. The powers of the local levels (village/town governments as well as district-level governments) as stated by the Constitution are as follows, Article Writer: Ram Hari Poudel, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal. President and prime minister are elected by parliament. pal. Some good aspects of the federal system are: ⇒ Maintains close relation between the state and its people. It forms and executes own plans, policies, and programs required for the state. Official website of Ministry of Education,Science and Technology Nepal, Singadurbar,Kathmandu, Nepal Government of Nepal Ministry of Education, Science and Technology COVID 19: … Given below are some of the popular announcements: > 20 vacancies at Bharatpur Mahanagarpalika, Bagmati Province, Nepal for various positions Deadline: 22 January 2021 The current constitution specifies that sixty percent of the members should be elected from the first past the post system and forty percent through the party-list proportional representation system. ), Collection of local statistics and records, Development of plans and projects of local levels, Management of local market, environmental conservation, and biodiversity, Local roads, village roads, agricultural roads, and irrigation, Management of village assembly, town assembly, district assembly, local courts, Distribution of land and house ownership certificates, Agriculture and animal husbandry, management of agro-products, animal health, and cooperatives, Management of senior citizens, disabled and the weak, Collection of the statistics of the unemployed, Management, operation, and control of the agricultural expansion, Drinking water, micro-hydro projects, alternative energy, Conservation of watersheds, wildlife, and mines as well as minerals, Preservation and development of language, culture and fine art, the federal system of government in Nepal, resource allocation in federalism in Nepal, the federal system of governance in Nepal challenges and opportunities, why is the federal system felt necessary in Nepal, importance of the federal system in Nepal. The Governor exercises the rights and duties as to be performed specified in the constitution or laws. We all know that our present constitution promulgated on 3 Asoj, 2072 has adopted federalism and republicanism.  According to Article 295 (2), the permanent names of the provinces will be determined by a two-thirds vote of the respective province's legislature. If a party has no outright majority, parties can seek to form coalitions. About; Organizational Structure; Federalism is a dual government system in which there are parallel governments at the national level and local level. plz try to update this article as far as possible, This helped so much I looked for ever looking for something like this. While all major parties officially espouse democratic socialism, NCP is considered leftist while Nepali Congress is conside The Nepal Government should think of making maximum use of cloud computing as it reduces investment and helps enhance performance. However, it has been felt that it was not effective for the development and unity of the country. the executive. Since Nepal uses a parallel voting system, voters cast another ballot to elect members through the party-list proportional representation. We must consider more about resource allocation in federalism in Nepal. There are many challenges and opportunities in the federal system of governance in Nepal. The executive power of the provinces, pursuant to the Constitution and laws, is vested in the Council of Ministers of the province. Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal. ⇒ Increment of public participation in government activities. Nepal’s Foreign Policy; Nepal’s Bilateral Relations; Nepal’s Regional Affairs. Would you please give detail information about the role of central,provincial and local government and the people for the successful implementation of federal system in the country. It is run and executed by the Prime Minister or President. Under Shah and his successors, Nepal's borders expanded as far west as Kashmir and as far east as Sikkim (now part of India). The first meeting of the first Constituent Assembly, which was held on 15th Jestha 2065 declared Nepal as “Federal Democratic Republic Country”. The necessity of federal system in Nepal is clean and clear. There are many causes of the necessity of a federal system in Nepal. For Provinces of various countries, see, "Memorial Step of King Mahendra in 1st Poush 2017 BS", "CA approves ceremonial prez, bicameral legislature", "NEPAL: Diluted proportional electoral system", Table of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Provinces_of_Nepal&oldid=999860270, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 09:08. Why is right of conducting and controlling the big Project proposed to give to the central government in federal ruling system? Our country ranges from 60m above the sea level to the highest point on earth Mt. This was visibly expressed by the people during the People’s Movement-II in 2062/63 BS. Km. Balance and proportional development through the concept of regional development have been a major effort under the unitary system. Actually, the Constitution has provided for three levels of government. SEE Also: essay on federalism in Nepal and its future. ⇒ Does not hamper the country even if the central government is dissolved. Read the Department of State’s COVID-19 page before you plan any international travel. The concept paper of the 15th five-year plan was endorsed by the National Development Council (NDC) in Aril 2019. Reconsider travel to Nepal due to COVID-19.Exercise increased caution in Nepal due to the potential for isolated political violence. Why is Federal System Felt Necessary in Nepal. It looks after matters related to external defense, foreign affairs, etc. As per the constitution’s sole … This Constituent Assembly has owned the fundamental concepts adopted by the Constituent Assembly-I and is working to promulgate a new constitution of Nepal. This system is new for South Asian country Nepal. It has three political parties mainly recognised in the federal parliament: Nepal Communist Party, Nepali Congress, and Janata Samajwadi Party. Poverty, regional imbalance and unemployment still remained a major problem in the country. It occupies an area of 1,47,181 Sq. Embassy of Nepal; Permanent Mission of Nepal to UN; Consulates General of Nepal; Foreign Missions Accredited to Nepal. 4. Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal. As Country makes significant progress in the use of ICT with the rapid growth of internet use and the adaptation of the latest technology, the government has also started to introduce the concept of e-governance in public service delivery. Project implementer is … ⇒ The cultural and ethnic diversity can cause a challenge regarding the state language and maintain equal recognition to all cultural groups. Nepal approves AstraZeneca COVID vaccine for emergency use - government statement. Kathmandu. The kingdom of Nepal was unified in 1768 by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who had fled India following the Moghul conquests of the subcontinent. The concept of federalism in Nepal is born some years ago but now Nepal is on the way of the concept of federalism in Nepal. ⇒ There may be a misunderstanding between the federal government and the provincial government regarding the sharing of power and authorities. The unitary system of government has been practiced in Nepal for a long time. Second, the total number of provinces should be fixed scientifically, not as a whim. Nepal was then declared as the Democratic Federal Republic by the Interim Constitution-2063 BS. In this process, there can be a readjustment in the internal political division of the nation, devolution of power to the local bodies a°d state can be more ‘ democratic and inclusive with special arrangements to who is left behind. Your email address will not be published. National security and military management, The national highway, railway, postal service, Mobilize state security force and maintain public security, Preserve language, art, culture and other heritage, To coordinate among the village governments (guan Palika) and municipal governments (Nagar Palika) within the district, To monitor the development and construction activities in order to maintain a balance in them, To coordinate between the federal and provincial offices within the district and the village governments (guan Palika) and municipal governments (Nagar Palika), To carry out other functions according to the laws of the provincial states, Local taxes (property tax, house rent tax, service tax, land revenues, etc. Government of Nepal Ministry of Communication and Information Technology Postal Services Department General Post Office Dillibazar, Kathmandu Required fields are marked *. We have posted some information, facts about the Federal System of Government in Nepal. It runs all the states combined under the common federal law. Nepal is a landlocked sovereign country located in South Asia. By taking into note the importance of healthy and productive citizens in national development. ⇒ The Federal system of government is more expensive so that there may be a lack of sufficient budget for its successful operation. The government also aspires to initiate programs and projects to fulfill the dreams of ‘Prosperous Nepal’ and ‘Happy Nepali’. The Governor appoints the leader of the parliamentary party with the majority in the Provincial Assembly as the Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers are formed under the chairpersonship of the Chief Minister. ⇒ No need to depend on the center for everything. Nepal practiced the unitary system of government throughout its recorded history.  In 1972 all 14 zones grouped into 4 development regions, later in 1981 rearranged the zones into 5 following development regions. ⇒ Maximum use of means and resources. Therefore, federalism was raised as a political agenda against the unitary system after the success of people’s movement II, 2062/063. For healthy, sound competitive and proportional development of all the nooks and corners of the country. It consists of a Chairman, a Vice Chairman and maximum of 9 members including at least 3 women and a Dalit or minority citizen elected by the District Assembly. People raised voices for a federal system of government. Government Of Nepal - GovNp.com. First, it should recognize the capacity and resources available in the country. But we can’t ignore the importance of the federal system in Nepal. The seven provinces were formed by grouping the existing districts. A party with an overall majority (more seats than all other parties combined) following an election forms the government. Every province has a ceremonial Head as the representative of the Federal government. Development regions were created for decentralization but powers, authority and development activities were centralized in the capital. ⇒ There may be a conflict between the states regarding the use of natural resources of border areas. Nepal Income Tax Slab Rates for FY 2077-78 B.S. While dividing Nepal into federal units, various aspects need to be kept under consideration. Nepal - Government. But it was failed due to various reasons in its mission and got dissolved after four years. According to the Constitution of Nepal, there is a District Assembly in each district. There is a necessity of a federal system in Nepal. Prior to the abolition of the Nepali monarchy in 2008, it was officially known as His Majesty's Government. Nepal and SAARC; Nepal and BIMSTEC. We can’t ignore the federal system of governance in Nepal challenges and opportunities. The election for the Constituent Assembly-II was successfully conducted on 4th Marga 2070 BS. One hundred and twenty-two (122) political parties participated in this election, and 30 of them got representation in the Constituent Assembly-II. The council is comprised of the prime minister, two deputy prime ministers, 24 ministers, and 14 state ministers. But, this effort has been confined only in the blue print. 2. In addition, there is a legislative body in each district. A committee was formed to reconstruct the districts of Nepal on 23 December 1956 and after two weeks of duration a report was submitted to government. It is called the District Assembly. Hope you will get back to me soon. ⇒ The country may divide or split. There is also village/town assembly that works as the local legislature of village/town. Once elected to any of the posts, he/she will automatically lose his/her post in the Village Assembly or Town Assembly. Generally, there are three administrative units under the federal system. According to the new constitution, the executive power of local levels is vested in village executive (guan Palika) and municipal executive (Nagar Palika). In notion of fair and inclusive state, it is a necessity to transform health sector from profit oriented to service oriented sector. It consists of the Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen of all village executives (guan Palika) as well as the Mayors and Deputy Mayors of all municipalities within the concerned district. It prepares an annual budget, collects the tax, revenues, etc. In January 2016 the Government of Nepal announced temporary headquarters of the seven provinces. Whether a nation can afford such a system or not should be given due value. There are broadly two concepts of the system of government: Unitary & Federal. Lifestyle and Travel Blog in English, Hindi and Nepali. In the federal system, when the state government is found to be ineffective and unsuccessful or when the national emergency is declared, the federal government controls and directs the respective states until another appropriate arrangement is made. The powers and functions of the District Assembly are as follows. Women should account for one-third of total members elected from each party and if one-third percentage are not elected, the party that fails to ensure so shall have to elect one-third of total number as women through the party-list proportional representation.. It looks after foreign affairs such as defense, declaring war, signing treaties, agreements, and contracts, appointing and receiving ambassadors and developing the diplomatic relationship. This system is in practice in India, the USA, Canada, Belgium, Spain, Australia, Ethiopia, South Africa, etc. 4th BIMSTEC; Nepal and ACD; Nepal and SCO; DIPLOMATIC MISSION. The first meeting of the District Assembly is held within 30 days after the publication of final results of the elections of the Village Assemblies and Town Assemblies. Similarly, there is a District Coordination Committee in every district. The Government of Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल सरकार) is an executive body and the central government of Nepal. It is the state’s responsibility to ensure quality and equitable access to universal health care by increasing investment in health sector. The President is the head of the state and the Prime Minister is the head of the government i.e. Nepal Appoints Dav Whatmore as National Cricket Team Head Coach! ⇒ Unhealthy and unnecessary competition may take place between the provinces for development. it is an impressive article. State restructuring is a process of political re-imagination of the state as per the changed circumstances. For … ⇒ Overlapping of work between the provinces. ... Nepal has reported 266,816 cases … The Constitution of Nepal 2015 has ensured every citizen the provision of basic health services from the state as fundamental right. In addition to the national government in the capital, there is an autonomous provincial government in each of the provincial states. Career in Nepalese Government sector is one of the most sought after career paths in Nepal.Various vacancies have been announced by Nepal Government in last few weeks. Get here a post about the Federal System of Government in Nepal. It maintains sovereignty over all the states. A committee was formed to reconstruct the districts of Nepal on 23 December 1956 and after two weeks of duration a report was submitted to government.  The current system of seven provinces replaced an earlier system where Nepal was divided into 14 Administrative Zones which were grouped into five Development Regions. Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal. Each state has its own legislature and judiciary (high court), too. Nepal - Government Nepal. We elected a ‘Constituent Assembly’ to write a new constitution on this concept on 28th Chaitra 2064 BS. The federal system is a political system where a country is divided into different autonomous states or provinces. Phone: +977-1-4211000, 4211040, 4211035, 4211080 Fax: +977-1-4211065, 4211086, 4211038, 4211021, 4211047 Audio Notice Board: 1618070701111 P O Box No. NeAt present about 28 countries of the world is having the federal system. The President appoints a Governor for every province. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the North by the People’s Republic of China, and to the South, East and West by the Republic of India. They have the power to direct, control and conduct the governance system of village and town level respectively. The prime minister can either appoint members of the council from members of parliament or out of parliament. It controls national currency and economy by forming national monetary policy. It consists of the national legislature, executive, and judiciary. Besides the good aspects of the federal system it may create some problems and challenges, like: ⇒ Unequal distribution of means and resources between the states may cause unequal development and misunderstanding among the states. That’s the case across the board. THE DRAMATIC EVENTS of the beginning months of 1990 marked a watershed in Nepal's political system. ⇒ Expensive form of government. Thank you for kind of Article.Can you write again please, detail about Nepalses governance system . The politics of Nepal functions within the framework of a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. Nepalese Missions Overseas. Each constituency elects one member under the first past the post system of election. , etc be well protected balance on the activities of the state its. See also: essay on federalism in Nepal 's political system where a country is divided into different states. 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